Creep can be defined as the elastic and long-term deformation of concrete under a continuous load. Generally, long term pressure changes the shape of the concrete structure and the deformation occurs along the direction of the applied load. When the continuous load is removed, the strain is decreased immediately. The amount of the decreased strain is equal to the elastic strain at the given age. This quick recovery is then followed by a continuous decrease in strain, known as creep recovery that is a part of total creep strain suffered by the concrete.

Creep Coefficient

The ratio of the ultimate creep strain to the elastic strain at the age of loading is termed as the creep coefficient.

Factors Affecting Creep Of Concrete:

The factors that affect the creep of concrete are similar to the factors affecting shrinkage, which are as following:

1- Water-cement Ratio

The rate of creep is increased with increasing water-cement ratio.

2- Humidity

It is influenced by humidity and the drying condition of the atmosphere.

3- Age Of Concrete

The rate of creep rapidly decreases with time. The time taken by a concrete structure to attained creep is 5 years.

4- Aggregate

Aggregates with moisture movement and low elastic modulus cause a large amount of creep. The rate of creep generally decreases with the increase in the size of aggregates.

5- Admixtures

Some admixtures (mainly accelerators) are also responsible for causing creep in concrete.

Other Factors

  • Types of cement.
  • Entrained air.
  • Concrete strength.
  • Improper curing etc.
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